Akshaya Tritiya, also known as Akti or Akha Teej, is one of the most significant and auspicious Hindu festivals celebrated across India. This festival falls on the third day of the Shukla Paksha in the month of Vaishakha (April or May) according to the Hindu calendar. This year, Akshaya Tritiya is falling on 22nd April, 2023.
Meaning of Akshaya Tritiya
The term “Akshaya” means “eternal” or “never diminishing,” and “Tritiya” means “third,” so Akshaya Tritiya is interpreted as the day of eternal prosperity. The day of Akshaya Tritiya is considered extremely auspicious for initiating new beginnings, starting new ventures, or investing in new opportunities. It is believed that anything purchased on the occasion of Akshaya Tritiya will stay with you forever and will bring prosperity and good luck.
Historical Beliefs and Significance
Akshaya Tritiya is also associated with various historical events and legends that make it a significant day in Hindu mythology.
Lord Krishna and Sudama
According to legend, Akshaya Tritiya is the day when Lord Krishna bestowed wealth and prosperity on his childhood friend Sudama. Sudama was a poor Brahmin who had lost all his wealth and was going through a difficult time. He went to meet his friend Krishna, who was then the king of Dwarka. Though Sudama was hesitant to ask for any help, Krishna understood his situation and gave him everything he needed to live a prosperous life. This incident is said to have happened on Akshaya Tritiya, and hence the day is celebrated as a symbol of wealth and prosperity.
Akshaya Tritiya is also believed to be the birthday of Lord Parashurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. He is believed to have lived during the Treta Yuga, which is said to have occurred over two million years ago. He was born to Renuka and Jamadagni, a sage and the son of Lord Brahma. Parshurama is known for his valor, courage, and his ability to wield the axe (parashu) as his weapon.
In Hinduism, Lord Parshurama is revered as the embodiment of righteousness, devotion, and courage. His story is often used as a metaphor for the importance of dharma and the consequences of straying from it. His birthday, which falls on Akshaya Tritiya, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion by his followers.
The Treta Yuga
Another significance of Akshaya Tritiya is its association with the Treta Yuga, the second of the four yugas in Hindu mythology. It is believed that Akshaya Tritiya marks the beginning of the Treta Yuga, which is considered the age of sacrifice and devotion. The Treta Yuga is also the time when Lord Rama, the seventh incarnation of Lord Vishnu, was born.
The Arrival of Ganga
It is also the day when the river Ganga is believed to have descended to earth from heaven. According to mythology, King Bhagiratha did penance to bring Ganga to earth to cleanse the sins of his ancestors. It was on the day of Akshaya Tritiya that Ganga finally descended to earth, and this event is celebrated as the Ganga Avataran.
Akshaya Tritiya is also associated with Lord Kuber, the god of wealth and prosperity. According to mythology, Lord Kuber received his wealth and position as the Lord of wealth on this auspicious day. It is believed that anyone who worships Lord Kuber on Akshaya Tritiya is blessed with prosperity and wealth.
Another significance of Akshaya Tritiya is its association with the epic Mahabharata. According to mythology, Veda Vyasa started writing the great epic on this day, and Lord Ganesha was the one who wrote it down. It is said that Lord Ganesha agreed to write the epic only on the condition that Vyasa would narrate it without any break.
Mahalakshmi and Gold
Akshaya Tritiya is also associated with the Goddess Mahalakshmi, the goddess of wealth and prosperity. As Mahalakshmi is associated with gold and silver, it is considered auspicious to buy gold and silver jewellery on this day.
How to Celebrate Akshaya Tritiya?
The day is marked by several rituals and traditions that are believed to bring good luck and fortune:
Devotees of Lord Krishna embalm the deity with sandalwood paste on this day. It is believed that by doing so, the person is bound to reach heaven after death.
On this day, many people buy gold and gold jewellery. As gold is symbolic of good fortune and wealth, buying it is considered pious on this day.
Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are worshipped before starting a new audit book for the next financial year. This is known as ‘halkhata.’
Devotees of Lord Vishnu worship the deity on this day by keeping a fast. Later, charity is done by distributing food, fruits, and clothes to the poor.
This day is considered to be the most auspicious day to start a new venture, as any business started on this day is believed to flourish.
People also perform the sacred ritual of ‘Akshayapatra daan’ on this day. The ritual involves donating an ‘Akshayapatra’ (an inexhaustible vessel) filled with food, which symbolizes abundance and prosperity.
Another popular ritual is ‘parikrama’ (circumambulation) of the sacred Tulsi plant. It is believed that circumambulating the Tulsi plant on Akshaya Tritiya brings good luck and success.
Some people also observe a day-long fast on Akshaya Tritiya to seek blessings from the deities for good health and prosperity.
Many people also make donations to the needy on this day. It is believed that any act of charity performed on Akshaya Tritiya brings immense blessings and good fortune.
Reciting mantras on the auspicious occasion of Akshaya Tritiya is believed to bring prosperity, success, and good fortune. Here are some powerful mantras that you can chant on this day:
Om Namo Bhagavate Vasudevaya
This is a powerful mantra that is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Reciting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can bring good fortune, prosperity, and blessings from Lord Vishnu.
Om Shree Mahalakshmyai Namah
Goddess Lakshmi is the goddess of wealth and prosperity. Reciting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can bring good fortune, abundance, and blessings from the goddess.
Om Hreem Shreem Kleem Maha Lakshmi Namaha
This is another powerful mantra dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi. Chanting this mantra can help to remove obstacles and bring wealth, prosperity, and abundance.
Om Shree Ganeshaya Namah
Lord Ganesha is the remover of obstacles and the god of new beginnings. Chanting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can help to remove any obstacles and bring success and good fortune in new ventures.
Om Kleem Shreem Brzee Namaha
This is a powerful mantra that can bring wealth and prosperity. Chanting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can help to attract abundance and success.
Om Sri Krishnah Sharanam Mamah
Lord Krishna is known for his love and compassion. Reciting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can bring blessings, protection, and success in new ventures.
Om Sri Parasuramaya Namah
Lord Parashurama is one of the avatars of Lord Vishnu. Reciting this mantra on Akshaya Tritiya can bring good fortune, blessings, and success.
On the day of Akshaya Tritiya, many people choose to wear Rudraksha beads that are associated with the deity they worship or the benefits they wish to receive. It is believed that wearing Rudraksha beads on this auspicious day can bring immense benefits to one’s life and can help them achieve their goals and desires.
The 7 Mukhi Rudraksha is believed to be associated with Goddess Mahalakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth and prosperity. This bead is believed to bring success in business, financial stability, and good luck.
It is associated with Lord Vishnu and is believed to be highly beneficial for those who are seeking spiritual enlightenment. It is said to bring peace of mind, improve concentration, and enhance one’s spiritual journey.
It is believed to be associated with Goddess Mahalakshmi, who is the goddess of wealth, abundance, and prosperity. This bead is believed to bring good fortune, success in business, and financial stability.
is associated with Lord Ram and is believed to be highly beneficial for those who are seeking spiritual growth and enlightenment. It is said to enhance one’s inner strength, improve mental clarity, and bring peace of mind.
It is believed to be associated with Lord Narayana, who is the protector and sustainer of the universe. It is said to bring good luck, enhance one’s intuition, and provide protection from negative energies.
Benefits of Akshaya Tritiya Maha Puja:
- Attracts wealth, money and richness
- Offers wisdom, intelligence and prosperity
- Best for success in business and career
- Offers blessings of Lord Narayana and Goddess Laxmi
- For protection, good health and happy family life
- For success and removal of obstacles in Business and Career
- Spiritual upliftment and benefits
- For protection and relief from diseases
Puja Description: Swastivaachan, Sankalp, Kalash Pujan, Gauri and Ganesh Pujan, Sarvato Bhadra Mandal Sthapan, Navgrah Pujan, Rudra Pujan, Lakshmi – Narayan Abhishek, Purush Sukta (16 Path) and Shri Sukta Paath (16 Path), 1008 Tulsi Archan with Vishnu Sahastranaam, Devi Kawach, Narayan Kawach, Shaanti Paath, Mahavishnu Beej Mantra Japa, MahaLakshmi Beej Mantra Japa, Kuber Mantra Japa, Lakshmi – Narayan Havan, Mangal Aarti and Mantra Pushpanjali, Visharjan, Ashirvachan.